All treatment providers we recommend are regulated by the Care Quality Commission (CQC) or Care Inspectorate.
Anglesey, according to 2020 figures is comfortably below the national average for Wales in terms of key substance use statistics.
These statistical categories include the rates of males and females admitted to hospital for alcohol-attributed medical conditions, and the rates of drug and alcohol misuse in general.
The rates for males admitted to hospital in Anglesey though are only just under the national average and are higher than Swansea, Cardiff and Wrexham.
There has been a tendency to view people who have become addicted negatively, either judging them as mentally weak or having low moral standards.
The disease model of addiction believes that people who have developed a substance dependency are physically unwell and can do little to change that, just the same as any patients who receive a medical diagnosis for a health condition cannot.
Having a physical disease means you are at the mercy of biology and nature, and no amount of psychological effort on the part of the person can change that.
Seeing addiction as a brain disease means clients with a substance use disorder (SUD) will be treated with dignity and compassion by staff as they follow their treatment plans.
Many patients diagnosed with a SUD have also been diagnosed with one or more mental health conditions.
Dual diagnosis patients are complex cases as it is very difficult to ascertain which of the conditions appeared first, and how they affect each other.
Common mental health conditions that co-exist with SUDs include:
Rehab treatment services have developed a great amount of expertise in treating dual diagnosis patients, and they use evidence-based treatments to help them fulfil their treatment obligations.
Evidence-based treatments have been found to be effective through scientific research in helping improve the psychological health of people diagnosed with an addiction.
Such approved treatments include anti-anxiety medication and cognitive-based psychological therapies.
All rehab treatment programmes attempt to lead their clients towards abstinence, meaning that they should give up consumption of alcohol or drugs permanently for the remainder of their lives.
This may seem extreme, but it is very difficult for people to reduce the volume of their substance use down to a lower level after they have become physically dependent.
People who are heavy drinkers for example can reduce their alcohol levels and continue to enjoy drinking, but someone who has become addicted will find that they will never break out of the addictive cycle if they do not completely refrain from consuming alcohol.
Abstinence from substance abuse is the only way forward for recovery.
Attending residential rehab is more expensive, which means only those with access to private funding will be able to afford residential care.
However, despite the cost, it is an investment as you can’t put a price on.
Some clients who attend residential rehab will ask friends and family members for money for their treatment, or negotiate a payment plan to spread the cost over a long period.
Anyone seeking residential treatment should consider all the assets they have at their disposal when contemplating how they could finance treatment.
Due to the strong founding principles of the NHS, there is funding available to offer addiction treatment services to people who can’t afford treatment themselves.
The treatment that NHS funding covers is reliable and has made a significant improvement in people’s ability to recover from a SUD.
Most local services are well coordinated, which means wherever you live in the UK there will be a devoted and knowledgeable local drug and alcohol team to guide you through the different aspects involved in your treatment.
Therefore, you will be able to receive treatment and remain in your locality close to family and friends.
Despite this, there are limitations to receiving treatment via the NHS funding route as opposed to the private financing route.
The application process is time-consuming and complicated.
Your treatment plan may be general, and not aimed at specifically meeting your treatment needs.
You will likely experience excruciating delays until your treatment begins which can reduce your motivational levels.
The people assessing your application may only award treatment on an outpatient basis.
There are likely to be hitches along the way once your treatment commences, so you may not always have sessions with the same addiction counsellor and you may be required to switch locations for some aspects of your treatment.
Everyone in need of addiction treatment has their own unique set of circumstances, however, if their circumstances prevent them from fully engaging with the challenges posed by their recovery programme then an alternative avenue of care may be necessary for them.
Treatment managers will consider the following when deciding to accept someone into their rehab centre.
Due to rehab centres’ strict emphasis on the safety of their staff and the clients, any clients with a propensity towards violent behaviour will undergo a thorough assessment before they are accepted to a residential rehab programme.
Any individual who may have been identified as a suicide risk may well be diverted elsewhere to receive treatment due to the nature of the specialist care and monitoring they require.
Anyone with a severe mental health condition could be referred to a service that has the resources to support their condition, particularly if they consume over 30 units of alcohol per day.
Heavy drinkers who have tried to quit alcohol several times and had many detox treatments as an outpatient may have to convince treatment managers why they feel residential rehab would work for them.
Rehab centres predominantly offer psychosocial interventions to help people with an addiction, they do not have the resources or medical expertise to treat individuals with debilitating health conditions caused by high levels of alcohol use such as delirium tremens or Wernicke’s syndrome.
Regardless of where people live in the UK, there will always be an opportunity to attend a support group meeting to ensure that you are not alone.
The Alcoholics Anonymous, Narcotics Anonymous and Marijuana Anonymous arrange support meetings throughout the country every week and the details of each of the meetings can be found on their websites.
The support groups are run according to the AA principle of fellowship, so the meetings offer attendees the opportunity to share, listen, encourage and connect with each other rather than face their struggles alone as they all share common ground.
The meetings also help members understand and work through the 12-step model, which has been viewed as the way to abstinence.
There are also family groups such as Al-Anon who offer support for the family members of people who have been diagnosed with a SUD.
There are charities that are available to contact that can offer support, services and resources that can aid recovery.
Both SMART Recovery and Change, Grow, Live are national charities that provide free services to help people, whether they are in the early stages of acknowledging their addiction or several years down the line and still vulnerable to relapsing.
SMART Recovery has designed a cognitive-based programme which helps its recipients improve their self-esteem by helping them analyse their thought patterns which will help them to navigate emotionally charging situations more confidently.
Change, Grow, Live have access to many organisations and services that offer psychological and medical interventions for addiction, and have a list of these organisations’ contact details on their websites.
They also provide many resources on their website designed to educate their clients about the best strategies they can practice to improve their mental health.
There are NHS trusts and local council funded projects close to Anglesey that offer services that will meet the treatment needs of substance users.
There are many approved and effective treatments available on an outpatient basis in the current climate and the local substance use team will be well-informed on how clients can access these treatments.
These will include arrangements for medical detox procedures, substance use counselling services, the time and location of local group therapy sessions and a comprehensive list of personal development and educational workshops.
Clients can also contact local drug and alcohol services to explore the option of having medical detox treatment as an outpatient while still living at home.
When people have decided to engage in treatment at a particular rehab centre, they are required to go through an admissions process, which included a comprehensive assessment where drug and alcohol practitioners will gather more information about their medical, psychological and family history to help devise their treatment programme.
The ASAM has developed 6 dimensions which they feel need to be considered when formulating a care plan for their clients.
These dimensions will cover aspects of their lives which can affect their ability to engage with treatment.
Each of the dimensions is awarded a risk rating and those dimensions awarded a higher rating need to be attended to on the client’s treatment plan.
The information relevant for the dimensions includes the client’s current substance consumption habits, an overview of any medical conditions they have, their emotional health, their attitude towards treatment and their psychological resilience to avoid relapsing.
The final dimension seeks to establish if there are any family, legal and employment issues that may negatively impact them.
It is also important to establish the severity of each client’s SUD when contemplating their treatment plan, and to help with this rehab staff will refer to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorder criteria for SUDs.
The current version (DSM5) has set out 11 criteria for a SUD diagnosis, and any clients whose behaviour matches 6 or more of the criteria will be diagnosed as having a severe SUD.
Meeting 2/3 of the criteria will result in a mild SUD diagnosis.
The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test was developed by the World Health Organisation to help medical professionals assess the severity of people’s alcohol dependence.
The AUDIT consists of 10 questions about alcohol use and its consequences, and the AUDIT-C is a shortened version which just includes the first 3 questions of the AUDIT.
If, after completing the questionnaire drinkers have recorded a score of over 8 then they will be advised to cut down on their alcohol consumption.
If they score more than 14/15, then it is highly recommended that they consult with substance misuse services for a full assessment of their drinking habits.
The role of professional intervention services is to liaise with families who are seeking to persuade a person of concern to engage with treatment services.
Intervention specialists will draw on their knowledge of behaviour change theory to devise communication strategies that the family members of substance misusers can utilise when interacting with them.
These subtle communication styles have proven very effective as family members are in a prime position to influence the behaviour of substance users, due to the greater length of time they spend in their company.
CRAFT is an example of an intervention, this approach involves training family members to ensure that there are specific consequences for the targeted person if they behave in a particular way.
This will then, over time start to shape their behaviour through the process of operant conditioning
For example, any time alcohol or drugs are consumed the family members would respond unfavourably to their relative.
Clients who require a 10-day detox procedure will pay between £3,000-6,000 if they decide to stay in a single occupancy room.
This can be reduced to £2,000-4,000 if they settle for a multi-occupancy room.
For a 28 day stay in rehab the cost would be between £8,000-12,000 for time spent in a single occupancy room, and £6,000 should they opt to share in a multi-occupancy room.
There is also the option of a home detox which costs around £1,500, but this means you will still be vulnerable to triggers from your usual environment.
Detox treatment is a pharmacological intervention used by rehab centres to help reduce the levels of alcohol in a client’s body.
When someone drinks heavily for sustained periods, they develop a tolerance to alcohol and experience withdrawal symptoms when they stop drinking.
As well as things like headaches, anxiety and insomnia, anyone withdrawing from alcohol is vulnerable to experiencing seizures/convulsions during the withdrawal phase due to the strong effect that the properties of alcohol have on the central nervous system.
Most detox treatments involve the use of a substitute drug which can keep withdrawal symptoms at bay, but also lessen a person’s physical dependence.
The substitute drug mainly used for alcohol detox is Librium as it contains an anti-convulsant chemical which protects the patient from the potentially dangerous consequences of seizures.
Most clients will be in rehab for 28 days which gives them sufficient time to work on their personal development by engaging in a range of individual and group therapies and learning new skills to maintain their abstinence from substances.
Some clients who have become addicted to alcohol and opioid drugs may require a medical detox and will therefore be in treatment for 1-2 weeks extra for their physical dependence to be brought under control.
This is not the case for clients addicted to cocaine and cannabis, who will start their psychological rehab immediately.
All the psychoactive drugs people become addicted to differ in the chemical characteristics they contain, which will affect the human brain in different ways.
For example, cocaine provides users with a strong burst of mental and physical energy and generates a feel-good factor.
Cannabis reduces stress and relaxes people, whilst taking heroin makes users feel pleasure and euphoria.
Because of the way drug’s chemicals work on the human body, people who take drugs frequently can become physically and psychologically dependent on them and that’s what rehab treatment teams will focus on to help patients recover.
Our rehab centres conduct pharmacological interventions to help clients lessen their physical dependence on substances like heroin.
This is carried out by using substitute drugs (e.g. methadone) which reduces the negative impact of withdrawal symptoms while simultaneously decreasing the amount of heroin in the body.
Methadone does not generate any feelings of pleasure, so they will not be exposed to the positive psychological effects of the drug.
There are no pharmacological interventions for cannabis or cocaine addiction, so rehab treatment teams will focus on providing emotional support and offering withdrawal management advice.
This may include prescribing medication for some uncomfortable symptoms or providing educational workshops on sleep, hygiene and stress management.
The next stage of their recovery will be to help clients work on the emotional factors that contributed to their SUD.
Clients need to work on several aspects of their psychology, which can significantly help them to process and move on from the psychological distress they have been experiencing.
Rehab centres use many different forms of psychological therapies when constructing treatment programmes.
Treatment managers will review clients’ case histories to recommend the most suitable therapies for them.
Group therapy features in every clients’ treatment plan, as it allows all clients the opportunity to build strong connections and show empathy and offer support for each other, both of which hugely beneficial.
Family therapy offers substance users and their family members the opportunity to understand the negative communication patterns that may have been prevalent in their family system throughout their lives.
These can often lower a child’s self-esteem and stunt their social, cognitive and emotional progress, leading them towards addiction in later life.
Twelve-Step Facilitation Therapy (TSF) allow clients to follow the 12 step programme during individual or group sessions.
Here they will reflect on and work through the psychological challenges provided by each of the steps.
This therapy is at the heart of many treatment programmes and each step provides a key learning lesson for clients.
Rehab centres like to think outside the box in terms of the treatment options.
Many go out of their way to provide a wide selection of holistic therapies which have been shown through research to be very effective in treating addiction.
Examples of these therapies are:
The use of creative practices like art and music have developed immense therapeutic value and enable clients to find other avenues to process traumatic experiences and difficult feelings.
These creative avenues have enabled substance users to overcome denial and shame and help them explore their spiritual beliefs.
Several clients have reported many benefits of their equine therapy sessions.
Horses can read human body language and unconscious behaviours very well and respond to humans in a unique way, which can be a vital form of feedback for those engaging in equine therapy.
Clients have conveyed improvements in stress and anxiety levels, social skills and an ability to tolerate strong emotions after having equine therapy.
Not the first type of therapy on a client’s treatment programme, but engaging in team-building exercises in natural surroundings has hugely beneficial implications for a person’s mental health.
As well as improving their ability to collaborate with others, clients can also learn new skills which will boost their self-esteem and give them a sense of achievement as they tackle several practical challenges.
Rehab treatment usually lasts between 4-6 weeks for most clients, so it is one of the main duties of rehab services to equip clients with a range of psychological skills they can draw on when they leave.
One of the most important skills for clients is to improve their meta-cognitive skills, that is to improve their abilities to understand how their minds work.
Therapists therefore will encourage clients to think of potential high-risk situations in which they may be more likely to slip back into substance use again.
These may be social occasions, such as weddings or music festivals, spending time in the company of certain groups of people, or even when they are experiencing certain emotions or body states.
The HALT model suggests that some people diagnosed with a SUD are particularly vulnerable to relapsing when they are Hungry, Angry, Lonely or Tired.
There will be many workshops run during rehab to help clients develop their own strategies to help them cope in these high-risk moments, so that they have the psychological skills to avoid taking substances.
Therapists will help the clients develop drug refusal skills, become more assertive in setting personal boundaries and rehearse strategies with them that they can implement when required.
Getting in touch with our team at Rehab 4 Alcoholism is easy.
Simply call us on 0800 111 4108 or send us a message through our website.
Our experienced counsellors are on hand to discuss your requirements with you in detail and provide you with further information about your addiction treatment options in Anglesey.
There are various types of rehab centres available in Alcohol Rehab in Anglesey, including inpatient alcohol rehab, luxury alcohol rehab, and private drug rehabs.