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When someone is addicted to alcohol or drugs, it’s easy to feel incredibly lonely and isolated.
Sometimes, it is helpful to gain an insight into the statistics surrounding addiction, to be reminded that those suffering from an addiction to drugs or alcohol are never alone.
When looking into drug addiction in Cardiff and Wales, hospital admissions for alcohol related issues are decreasing recently, having reduced by nearly 7% over the past couple of years.
Regarding drug related hospital admissions, these are also decreasing at a rate of 2.3%every year.
However, opioids do count for the majority of drug related hospital admissions, with 50% of all drug related hospital admissions being from an opioid related drug issue.
In Wales, there were approximately 9,924 people admitted to hospital with an addiction to alcohol between 2017 and 2018.
In addition to this, there were 5,080 people admitted to hospital with a drug related issue.
When it comes to the types of different drugs most commonly abused in Cardiff and Wales, opioids remain to be one of the most popular.
There were approximately 3,048 people admitted to hospital with an opioid related issue between 2017 and 2018.
In addition to this, cannabinoids are the second most commonly abused drugs in Cardiff and the rest of Wales.
Approximately 1,236 people were admitted to hospital between 2017 and 2018 with a cannabinoid related drug issue, with hospital admissions on the rise year on year.
Nevertheless, the largest increase in hospital admissions were for an addiction to cocaine.
There were approximately 564 people admitted to hospital in 2018 with an addiction to cocaine.
This has increased by 113.6% within the last five years.
Unfortunately, more and more young people are now abusing drugs.
In 2017, 4,035 children were getting help and support because their parents or guardians were addicted to drugs or alcohol.
In turn, this makes a child a lot more likely to abuse drugs or alcohol themselves in the future.
Of these children, 615 of them also suffer from their own addiction to either drugs or alcohol.
As a result of this, a lot of young people are excluded from their school or college as a result of their drug addiction.
However, in the most recent study the number of young people excluded from school or college decreased by 12.6%.
It’s important to remember that addiction is a disease, and therefore individuals can’t be blamed for their addiction.
Although a lot of media portrays drug addicts as self-inflicting, drugs create a physical and biological dependence, meaning that once hooked, addicts are no longer responsible for their addiction.
A disease is when an organ or other part of the body is affected by a disorder.
In this case, the organ in question is the brain.
As addictive substances change the structure and functioning of the brain, addiction can be defined as a disease.
The DHHR defines addiction as clear and consistent instances of cravings, compulsions, loss of control and continued use.
This highlights just how difficult it is for individuals to control their actions.
A dual diagnosis is when someone suffers from a mental health issue alongside an addiction to drink or drugs.
When it comes to addiction, this is very common.
This is because mental health issues often trigger addiction, and addiction often triggers mental health issues.
When it comes to diagnosing addiction and mental health issues, this fact often makes it harder to diagnose which symptoms are caused by which disorder.
The most common mental health issues experienced alongside addiction are:
If you think you are suffering from a mental health issue alongside an addiction, then you will most likely need to attend rehab in order to recover.
Depending on what substance you are addicted to, you might need to detox from the addictive substance.
Afterwards, you will need to attend therapy in order to tackle the psychological side of your addiction and to address your mental health issues.
Lots of people who are addicted to drugs and alcohol struggle to ever imagine their life without the addictive substance in it.
This is why a lot of people try to simply cut down their use, instead of cutting it out all together.
Unfortunately, recovery simply does not work that way.
In order to recover properly and for good, then you will need to abstain from the addictive substance altogether, instead of simply reducing the harm it does.
Multiple studies have shown that moderation management is not a sustainable or long term way to recover from addictive substances, resulting in numerous relapses and health issues down the line.
Whilst at drug and alcohol rehab in Cardiff, your work and therapy will be aimed at achieving complete abstinence form the addictive substance, instead of simply moderating and cutting down on your consumption.
Whilst at rehab, one of the first things you will do is attend a detox programme.
This is where you will stop drinking or consuming drugs altogether in order to eventually achieve abstinence.
However, it is important to remember that you will achieve abstinence over time, and your detox and withdrawal will not be sudden, but will take place over a number of days or even weeks.
There are lots of different benefits to attending residential rehab in Cardiff.
You will be given the opportunity to meet with your therapist and doctors upon admission to rehab in order to determine what you need and want from the treatment programme.
Depending on what substances you are addicted to, you will also be asked to attend a detox.
This is where you will stop consuming the addictive substance, and will withdraw from it over a period of time.
During this time, you will be monitored by doctors and professionals to make sure that you are withdrawing in a safe and monitored way.
You will also be prescribed any medication you might need to overcome the withdrawal symptoms often experienced during a detox.
Once the detox is complete, you will then start treatment for the psychological side of your addiction.
Another great benefit to attending residential rehab is that you will meet other individuals who are all going through the same thing as you.
You will be able to support one another, and exchange any motivational advice and tips along the way.
Lastly, before you leave residential rehab you will be armed with a relapse prevention plan.
This will consist of a list of tips, tricks and advice on how to stay sober whilst in the outside world, and how to avoid and overcome triggers and cravings.
There are two different types of gaining access to drug and alcohol rehab in Cardiff – private rehab treatment and NHS funded treatment.
Whilst there are many pros and cons to each, it is important to weigh these up very carefully and according to your own specific needs.
If you want to attend residential rehab, then you will need to decide if NHS funded rehab or private rehab treatment is better for you.
Although residential rehab is fantastic for some people, it might not be suitable for others.
Residential rehab is a huge commitment for anyone to make, and requires a lot of time and energy.
On top of this, individuals who want to attend residential drug and alcohol rehab in Cardiff will have to qualify for it, and will need to tick a lot of boxes in order to be suitable.
When individuals are assessed by professionals upon admission, they will be assessed on the following criteria:
If you are a high risk client, and tick a lot of the above boxes then you might be more suitable for residential rehab over a home detox or outpatient rehab.
However, if you do not, then you might be more suited to outpatient rehab.
There are many other alternatives to attending residential rehab, if for some reason you do not meet the criteria.
Some of these alternatives are listed and explained below:
Al Anon Family Group Meetings are perfect for people who suffer from complex family dynamics and triggers at home.
These are typically ninety minutes long, and take place every week.
You will meet like minded people, and will be able to share tips and advice on how to successfully recover.
If you need rehab treatment but want to detox and recover at home, then you should consider a home detox.
You will receive treatment in the post, and will get phone calls from the doctors and therapists most days in order to stay on track.
If you need more support than a home detox can offer, then you should consider attending outpatient treatment via your local drug and alcohol team in Cardiff.
This way, you will receive most of the benefits from attending inpatient rehab treatment, but will be able to return home every day to your family, friends and work.
Depending on your type of addiction and its severity, then you will be assessed upon admission to rehab.
You will be assessed on the ASAM criteria and dimensions, which are listed below.
Doctors will assess how motivated you are, and how likely it is that you will successfully recover from your addiction.
They will ask you about any potential attempts to recover in the past, and if you have ever relapsed.
Your general health and wellbeing will be assessed, so that doctors can try to see whether or not you will be able to complete a detox safely.
Your mental wellbeing will also be assessed, so that doctors can assess how likely it is that you will be able to recover mentally.
Doctors will also assess how committed and motivated you are to recover, as this will determine how successful you will be later down the line.
Doctors and therapists will also assess how likely it is that you might relapse in the future.
They will ask you if you have any mental health issues, and will try to determine what kind of treatment might be best for you.
Finally, specialists will ask you what your environment is like at home.
They will ask you if anyone else in your family abuses drugs or alcohol, and if there are any other triggers at home.
Your addiction is scored off of the back of these six dimensions.
If you qualify for 2 or 3 of them, then you might only have a mild addiction, but if you qualify for more than 4 then your addiction is considered moderate to severe.
It is important to remember that everyone is screened before they enter a rehab centre.
To do this, doctors and professionals use the AUDIT (the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) to determine what type of treatment might be better suited to them.
The AUDIT was developed many years ago by the World Health Organisation, and consists of 10 questions which are listed below:
Each question is scored, and if you reach a score of eight or more then your addiction is said to be severe.
A professional intervention is when a friend or family member sits down with the individual to express how concerned they are about their addiction.
If you’re thinking about holding an intervention, then you should consider how best to hold your intervention.
For example, you should try to pick a very quiet and calm setting, with privacy to talk openly.
You should also only invite people who your loved one or friend can trust, so that they do not feel embarrassed or awkward in their presence.
If you want more information on how to hold a successful intervention, then you should consider looking into CRAFT.
CRAFT stands for Community Reinforcement and Family Training, which arms loved ones and family members with helpful tools and advice on how to hold a successful intervention and motivate change.
Many people avoid attending drug and alcohol rehab in Cardiff due to the costs of attending private rehab in the UK.
Unfortunately, the cost of attending private rehab is getting more and more expensive, making it very inaccessible for many.
How expensive a stint in rehab is depends on a number of factors, including:
If you stay in rehab for approximately 10 days, then you will pay around £3,000 – £6,000 if you want to stay in a private room.
However, if you want a shared room then you will pay less, around £2,000 – £4,000.
However, if you need to stay approximately 28 days, then you will end up paying a lot more.
For example, a private room can cost anywhere between £8,000 – £12,000 and £6,000 for a shared room.
For a lot of people, these costs are simply too high.
If this is the case for you, then you should consider attending a home detox.
Although not everyone will be suitable for a home detox, it is a lot less expensive than inpatient rehab treatment at approximately £1,500.
As rehab costs so much money, it is important that you pick the right type of rehab centre for you.
In order to do this, you need to consider what it is you want and need out of a rehab centre.
As there are so many different options and rehab centres in each area, it can often be difficult to differentiate between the options and pick the right one for you.
Below is a list of helpful tips to follow when choosing your rehab centre.
A detox is when sufferers withdrawal symptoms from consuming the addictive substance so that their body is no longer dependent on the substance.
This will be done in a safe and calm way, surrounded by doctors and specialists.
They will help you to overcome your withdrawal symptoms, which can sometimes be tricky and unpleasant.
These symptoms usually last a week, and can be at their worst between one and three days.
You will need a detox depending on how long you have been addicted to drugs or alcohol, and what type of drug you are addicted to.
Depending on the severity of your addiction and your withdrawal symptoms, then you might be prescribed Librium based medication, which will help you to overcome some of your withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety.
How long rehab lasts depends on what substance you are addicted to, how long you have been addicted for and how severe your addiction is.
Most people stay in rehab for a minimum of seven days, in order to undergo any detox they need.
However, most people stay in rehab for approximately 28 days in order to detox slowly and receive any treatment and therapy they need.
If their addiction is more severe, then they might be required to stay in rehab for longer.
For example, a lot of people stay in rehab for 60 – 90 days, if their addiction is more severe.
If you are addicted to cocaine, then you will need to attend rehab in order to recover.
You will have to receive a lot of therapy in order to overcome your addiction, such as CBT and holistic therapy.
However, you will not need to attend a detox in order to recover as cocaine is not physically addictive.
Heroin is another highly addictive drug.
However, unlike cocaine, heroin creates both a physical and mental addiction.
This means that if you suffer from an addiction to heroin, then you will need to undergo a medical detox as well as a lot of therapy to help you to overcome the psychological side of your addiction.
Cannabis is one of the most highly abused drugs in the UK and across Wales.
Whilst cannabis creates a very strong psychological addiction, it is not physically addictive.
This means that although a lot of people abuse cannabis and find it very hard to break their habit, they will not need to undergo a detox.
There are many different types of therapy techniques on offer in rehab centres across Cardiff and the rest of Wales.
A lot of these therapy techniques aim to target the underlying causes of addiction, like triggers such as family issues, mental health issues, negative thought habits and a dual diagnosis.
Listed below are just some of the different types of therapy that are on offer in most rehab centres in Cardiff.
It is important to remember that you might not receive all of the above therapy techniques whilst at rehab.
You will only be offered a selection of therapy techniques that best suit you and your needs.
You should always cite a reliable person in your relapse prevention plan who you can call upon if you do experience a craving or trigger.
This person needs to be someone you can rely on, and who won’t mind you calling them at any time during the day or night for help and support.
Your relapse prevention plan should also include the HALT method, which stands for hungry, angry, lonely and tired.
The idea is that if you experience a craving, then you should check to see if you’re feeling any one of the above symptoms first and solve that issue.
Once you do, you might find your craving has disappeared.
Contact us on 0800 111 4108 today to find out how we can help you to overcome your alcohol addiction.
Alternatively, you are able to contact us through our website.
When you have the right support behind you, no addiction is too great to overcome.
There are various types of rehab centres available in Alcohol & Drug Rehabs in Cardiff, including inpatient alcohol rehab, luxury alcohol rehab, and private drug rehabs.